Video Production Sydney: Video File Formats II

Video Production Sydney: The top video editing software on the market will recognize and work with most of the popular file formats that are used today.

Video Production Sydney: The Major Divisions of Media Files and Formats…

When producing and editing videos you will at sometime or another work with material from four major divisions of media.
There are specific file formats that are associated with each one…

Video Production Sydney: Audio File Formats:


  • WAV,
  • MP3,
  • WMA
  • AIFF, etc.

Video File Formats:

  • AVI,
  • MOV,
  • WMV,
  • MPG,
  • AVCHD etc.

The Two Categories of Video File Formats…
There are several types of video file formats and they fall under two very general categories…

Video Production Sydney: Container Formats:

A container or “wrapper” format is a type of file format that is used to store, identify and interleave different types of data.
Container formats don’t specify what CODEC the container format uses…
But rather it defines how the video, audio and other data are stored within the container.
Examples of common container formats are…

  • AVI
  • QUICKTIME (MOV) and…
  • WMV etc.

Compression Formats (CODECS):
Video data contains spatial (space) and temporal (time) elements that are redundant.
By removing the redundant elements (compression) with a special software program (a CODEC)… The file is made much smaller which makes it easier the store, move, transmit or be replayed.
Examples of common compression formats are…

  • MPEG
  • MPEG-4
  • DV, and
  • Ogg etc.

The Big Problem with Media Files…
One of the big problems when working with media files in video editing is that the file size of the finished project can be…
H U G E…!!!
Large files are difficult to store as they, of course, take a lot of space on your hard drive, flash drive or any other type of storage media that you use.